Hun's ancient settlement
25 kilometers to the west from Ulan-Ude there is a well-known Ivolginsky cite of ancient Hun's town, the first in the region ancient settlement founded by Huns in the 2d century ВС. In its most prosperous time it was a large administrative center of the northern part of the nomadic empire. Although located at the peripheral part it played an important role in the state that stretched from Khingan in the east and to the Altai in the west.
According to scientists the population of the town-fortress, surrounded by four earth walls and ditches was about four thousand people. They used to smelt metal, work iron, process stones, clay, and animal bones. Traces of their economic activity were found everywhere during the excavations and proved high level of handicraft industry.
The unique character of Hun's ancient town is that it most vividly represents the Hun's culture as such. But who were the Huns? Were they Mongols or Turks? Scientists are not of the same opinion on that problem.
Some consider the Huns as a complex conglomerate of Mongolians and Tyurki. Others believe that the Huns are the Tyurki.
Archaeological finds of our scientists are in favour of their concept. 'Hie Hun's burial place was found at a distance of 400 meters from of Hun's ancient town. About two hundred graves with remnants of people who lived more than two thousand years ago were studied. As for Ulan-Ude the above mentioned allows concluding that it didn't appear from scratch. In ancient times during three hundred years there was the town - fortress with the headquarters of great Shanyui Mode. By the time when Russian Cossacks came to settle it was inhabited by Mongolian Tabanguty. We may assume that in the course of many centuries they would set their felt yurts and herd numerous cattle in this rich area at the junction of two rivers. Today the area of an ancient town where the excavations have been lately resumed has a shape of a horseshoe around borders of modern Ulan-Ude.
The first settlement that was excavated in the vicinity of Ulan-Ude dates back to Х century BC. But some public figures and scientists of Ulan-Ude consider date of foundation of the Hun's town as the starting point in the history of Ulan-Ude. They addressed the UNESCO with the proposal to assign to the Hun's town the status of World Heritage Site.
The silver water spring
The Khalutinsky spring has been included in the list of water monuments of Buryatia. It is located in the distance of 18 kilometers from Ivolga village at the foot of Khamar Daban. It has long been known by its medication qualities.
The spring has its own legend. Once upon a time there lived a family. They had a daughter, very beautiful but sick. Her name was Khalyuta. Once during hunting her father came across a spring, drank its water and tiredness vanished like as if by magic. He took water with him for his daughter to drink. She drank the water and felt better. Then he took her for a swim in the water and soon she recovered. Many people today go there to treat radiculitis and degenerative spine disease. It was proved that cold radon water is useful for treating lung diseases.
Not long ago in the location Orongoi during constructing the stupa another spring was found. It was named after Khambo lama Itigelov as according to the historical data it was his birthplace.
The water is rich in silver and has medication qualities. The most interesting fact is that there is no fresh water well nearby.
The water everywhere is salty. The spring that was found is another proof that it is the birthplace of Khambo Lama Itigelov because the birth of a person who is destined to reach the highest level of consciousness should have a special sign. In this case the birth was marked by a silver water spring. It is a holy water since it is a holy place. The spring water is a wonderful remedy for treating and preventing diabetes mellitus. It has a rejuvenating effect, increases general life organism tonus, treats skin diseases and allergy, heals wounds. There are no restrictions in drinking the water. No damage it incurs. However monks control taking water.
They don't allow taking water in big amount. But in general on the way to the Ivolginsky datsan you can see fenced wells in steppes. Buddhist preserve holy springs with firm belief that nothing is given to a man for no reason.
Ivolginsky Buddhist Datsan (temple)
Buddhism that spread in Buryatia from Tibet and Mongolia at the turn of XVI-XVII centuries and in 1741 Buddhism was officially awarded status of the state Russian religion by the decree of the empress Elisaveta Petrovna.
By the end of the XIX century in Buryatia there were over forty datsans where about ten thousand Buddhist lamas (monks) served. A Buddhist dat-san was a kind of a university where Buddhist philosophy, Tibet-Mongolian medicine, astrology, Mongolian languages and Sanskrit were studied. Book printing, icon painting and religious architecture were developed. In thirties of the XX century Buddhism as well as Orthodox was severely repressed. Buddhist schools and monasteries were closed, many lams killed, imprisoned and exiled.
Only after the World War II it was allowed to build one datsan in Buryatia, the Ivolginsky.
In 1991 Buddhist Institute «Dashi Choinkhor-Lin», religious institution of higher learning to train monks, teachers, translators of canonic texts, icon painters was set up at the Ivolginsky datsan. The education process is conducted by the system of monastery education in Gomon datsan tradition. Ivolginsky datsan is a whole complex including temples, a great number of khurde, praying wheels, support structures, a museum ad a hotel.
They approach lamas with different kind of requests: about horoscopes and a name for a new born baby, a life partner and a date for a wedding or a housewarming party, a good day for a surgery, day and time for a funeral. Lamas are asked about the best time for starting a new business, the place of education, what needs to be paid special attention, etc. In spring usually parents of school leavers and draftees address lamas.
Buddhism is a religion and a philosophy. The talk with a lama is like a counseling interview. Reading of prayers (mantras) relives a believer from spiritual pain and worries, enlightens consciousness. People leave the temple with clear thoughts and life is viewed differently.
Recently Ivolginsky datsan became a pilgrimage place for many believers all over the world. The interest is to the phenomenon of imperishable body of the 12th Pandido Khambo Lama Dashi-Dorzhi Itigelkv, who lived in 1852-1927 years. Since 2002 his sarcophagus is placed in Ivolginsky datsan. He passed away during meditation at the age of 75. He was buried in a wooden box of Siberian pine and has been there for seventy five years. He left a message that he should be exhumated after 75 years.
The state of his body after exhumation doesn't have scientific explanation. The body preserved in the state as if when alive. Buddhists believe that he selflessly takes compassion on everyone.
That is why they approach him for help and compassion. There are many magic proves of recovery, karma correction, human souls safety.
Ivolginsky datsan, Ivolginsky district, village Verkhnayja Ivolga,
(transfer by bus № 130). Tel.: 8(3012) 21-57-17.
Interpretation center: 8- 908 595 55 45